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Chapter 1 Overview of Development .............................................................1

1.1. Intelligent Development of Automobile.......................................................1

1.2. The connotation of intelligent driving technology........................................2

1.3. Automobile intelligent driving technology classification .............................3

1.4. Current situation of domestic and foreign technology development ..........4

1.4.1 Present situation of intelligent driving technology abroad ........................4

1.4.2 Current situation of domestic intelligent driving technology......................8

1.5. Open Intelligent Driving Competition ........................................................11

1.5.1 Foreign intelligent driving competition ....................................................11

1.5.2 Domestic intelligent driving competition .................................................15

1.6. Overview of the automotive autonomous driving industry.........................18

1.7. Social benefits and influences of intelligent driving...................................19

1.7.1 Safety - Reduce traffic accidents.............................................................19

1.7.2 Economy - Promoting energy conservation and emission reduction.......19

1.7.3 Connectivity - driving social change.........................................................20

1.7.4 Industry - change the traditional industry development, industry 

         interaction and win-win.............................................................. ..............21

1.8. Domestic and foreign related government policies ...................................21

1.8.1 Foreign situation .....................................................................................22

1.8.2 Domestic situation ..................................................................................25

 

Chapter 2: environmental perception .............................................................27

2.1 Intelligent driving perception task .............................................................27

2.2The perceptual blind spot of intelligent driving ..........................................27

2.3 Environment awareness function system composition .............................27

2.4 System hardware configuration scheme...................................................28

2.5 Sensor-sensing technology ......................................................................30

2.5.1 Camera visual .......................................................................................30

2.5.2 The radar sensor ...................................................................................33

2.5.3 Acoustic sensor .....................................................................................36

2.6 Positioning and navigation technology .....................................................38

2.6.1 Perceived situational baseline ...............................................................39

2.6.2 Equipment composition and type ..........................................................39

2.6.3 Attitude and state awareness ................................................................41

2.6.4 Testing Technology.................................................................................42

2.6.5 Digital map ............................................................................................42

2.7 V2X Network communication technology..................................................44

2.7.1 Equipment composition and type ..........................................................45

2.7.2 Function and perceptual range ..............................................................47

2.7.3 Testing Technology ................................................................................48

 

Chapter 3 Decision planning ..........................................................................49

3.1 Overview of decision planning techniques ...............................................49

3.2 Decision-making planning technology structure system ...........................50

3.2.1 Hierarchical architecture ........................................................................50

3.2.2 Reactive architecture .............................................................................51

3.2.3 Hybrid Architecture ................................................................................52

3.3 The key link of decision planning system .................................................53

3.3.1 Sensor information fusion ......................................................................54

3.3.2 Decision-making tasks ..........................................................................55

3.3.3 Track planning .......................................................................................55

3.3.4 Exception handling ................................................................................56

3.4 Decision-making planning techniques and methods.................................56

3.4.1 Global programming method .................................................................58

3.5 Right of way allocation technology ...........................................................60

 

Chapter 4 Control Engineering .........................................................................62

4.1 Intelligent vehicle control architecture design .............................................62

4.2 Automatic driving control core technology components .............................64

4.2.1 Vehicle longitudinal control ......................................................................65

4.2.2 Vehicle lateral control ..............................................................................67

4.3 Automatic driving control method ...............................................................69

4.3.1 Traditional control method .......................................................................69

4.3.2 Intelligent control method ........................................................................70

4.4 Automatic driving control technology scheme ............................................72

4.4.1 Indirect control method based on planning-tracking.................................72

4.4.2 Direct control method based on artificial intelligence ..............................74

4.5 Man-machine interactive system ................................................................77

4.5.1 The role and significance of human-computer interaction system ..........77

4.5.2 Development status of human-computer interaction system for intelligent 

vehicles ...........................................................................................................78

4.5.3 The core technology of human-computer interaction system ................83

4.5.4 The development trend of human-computer interaction system ............86

 

Chapter 5 Test Verification ..............................................................................87

5.1 Analog simulation technology ...................................................................88

5.1.1 Demand analysis ...................................................................................88

5.1.2 Technical proposal .................................................................................89

5.1.3 Technological challenges and trends for the future ...............................90

5.2 Test demonstration area ...........................................................................91

5.2.1 Foreign situation ....................................................................................92

5.2.2 Domestic situation .................................................................................94

5.3 Test verification technology........................................................................98

5.3.1 Demand analysis ...................................................................................98

5.3.2 Technical proposal .................................................................................99

5.3.3 Technological challenges and trends for the future ...............................107

References:  ...................................................................................................108


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Attachments

Attachment1. 中国人工智能系列白皮书-智能驾驶2017.pdf

Chinese Association for Artificial Intelligence
2017-10-31


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